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Publications and Papers


“The Digital Revolution and the Information Age,” Recollections and Reflections: Harvard Class of 1957. May 2017, pp. 721-733.

ECFiber: Building a Fiber-to-Premises Network in the Rural United States,” CircleID, February 16, 2021

ICANN: Do Not Allow Closed New gTLDs with Generic Strings,” CircleID, February 16, 2020.

(with Stanley M. Besen) "The Economics of Internet Standards." Handbook on the Economics of the Internet, ed. by Johannes M. Bauer and Michael Latzer, Cheltenham UK and Northampton MA: Edward Elgar, July 2016. ISBN-13: 978-0857939845.

"Developing Country Workshops," Asia Internet History Projects, ed. Kilnam Chon, accessed August 23, 2013. Book 2 (1991-2000), section 2.3.


Accelerating Development Using the Web: Empowering Poor and Marginalized Populations. World Wide Web Foundation, May 2012, 275 pp.

"Issues Regarding Internet Governance" (in Russian), Analytical and Informational Journal of the RANS (Russian Association of Networks and Services). Vol. 9, no. 19, September 2008, pp. 34-39.

(Wolfgang Kleinwachter, ed.) "Internet Governance: The Importance of Access," The Power of Ideas: Internet Governance in a Global Multi-Stakeholder Environment. Marketing für Deutschland GmbH, 2007, pp. 68-74.

"Professor Sam - A Pioneer," Partners in Progress: A Felicitation Volume in Honour of Vidya Jyothi Professor V. K. Samaranayake. Published for the University of Colombo School of Computing by Godage International Publishers, Ltd., Colombo, 2007. pp. 157-161.


(with John Mack) "Extending High Bandwidth Academic and Research Networking to Africa: A Feasibility Study, Final Report, NSF Project SCI-0451384, November 30, 2006, Washington, D.C., 27 pp.

(Oliver B. Popov, ed.), "Information Security in an Academic Environment: Setting the Framework for Discussion," Policies for Secure Research and Education Networking, NATO Scientific Affairs Division, NATO Science Series, IOS Press, 2008.

"E-security challenges for SMEs in developing countries," Putting "e" to work: e-Trade Perspecives and Case Studies for SMEs. International Trade Center, Geneva, 2005, pp. 145-150.

Casting a Wider Net: An Interview with George Sadowsky. Ubiquity, Association for Computing Machinery, May 2004.

"Ne pas emberlificoter la Toile." Libération, vendredi, 20 août 2004, p. 29.

(with Raul Zambrano and Pierre Dandjinou) "Internet Governance: A Discussion Document," Internet Governance: A Grand Collaboration, A collection of papers contributed to the United Nations ICT Task Force Global Forum on Internet Governance, New York, March 25-26, 2004. United Nations ICT Task Force, 2004, pp. 183-226.

"Casting a Wider Net," Ubiquity: An Electronic Journal of the Association for Computing Machinery, Vol. 5, No. 12, May 19-25, 2004.

(with James X. Dempsey, Alan Greenberg, Barbara J. Mack, and Alan Schwartz), Information Technology Security Handbook, The World Bank, 2003, 396 pp.

(with Lee Rainey) "The Frontiers Ahead: A Dialogue on the Progress and Promise of the Internet," Global Issues, An Electronic Journal of the U. S. State Department, Vol. 8, No. 3, November 2003, pp. 36-41.

(with Jalal Fawaz), Internet Policy Guidance for Iraq,Working Group Meeting to Draft a New Iraqi Press Law, Athens, Greece, June 2, 2003.

(Oliver B. Popov, ed.), "The Evolution of NYU-NET in the Context of Regional and National Networking in the U.S.A.," Creative and Innovative Network Management, NATO Scientific Affairs Division, NATO Science Series, pp. 37-49, IOS Press, 2003.

(with Alan Greenberg), A Conversation with Sir Arthur C. Clarke, Colombo, Sri Lanka, April 26, 2002, Videotape (parts 1-4) , 32 minutes.

"The Internet: Reflections and Visions," Networking Developments in the Caucausus Region," (Jean-Paul Nadreau and Oliver B. Popov, eds.), NATO Science Series III, Vol. 181, IOS Press, 2001. pp. 1-11.


"My Second Computer was a UNIVAC I," NYU Information Technology Monograph Series No, 1, April 2001.

"Paving the Way for Internet Rich Environments in Developing Nations," OnTheInternet, Fall/Winter 2000, pp. 10-11, 38-39.

(with Glenn Ricart, J. Gary Augustson, Richard Guida, Michael M. Roberts, and Douglas E. Van Houweling) "Panel on the Future of Networking and the Internet," EDUCAUSE Review, Vol. 1, No. 1, January/February 2000, pp. 46-50.

"The Internet: Governance," Regional African Conference on Internet Governance: Proceedings, Cotonou, Benin, 15-17 December 1998, pp. 36-48.


"The Internet Society and Developing Countries," OnTheInternet, November/December 1996, pp. 23-29.

(with Lawrence H. Landweber), Facilitating Internetworking in Africa: A Proposal by The Internet Society, January 1995. (led directly to USAID Leland Initiative to network 20 countries in Africa)

"Why Governments Need Access to Computer Networks (Part 1)," African Technology Forum, Vol. 6, No. 3, Spring 1994, pp. 33-36; (Part 2) African Technology Forum, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 41-46.

"Networking Connectivity for Developing Countries," Communications of the ACM, Vol. 36, No. 9, September 1993, pp. 42-47.

"The Importance to Governments of Access to Distributed Knowledge," Proceedings of INET '92. The Internet Society: Reston, pp. 509-513.

(with P. Cotton) "Fundamental Issues in Computer Design and Implementation for the Socioeconomic Microsimulation Community," 1991 Proceedings of the American Statistical Association, pp. 50-59.

(with P. Cotton) "Future Computing Environments for Microsimulation Modeling," Improving Information for Social Policy Decisions: The Uses of Microsimulation Modeling. Volume II, pp. 141-234, Washington: National Academy Press, 1991.


Statistical Data Processing in Developing Countries: Infrastructure Considerations," Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, Vol. 13, No. 4, 1989, pp. 269-289.

The Use of Microcomputers for Census Data Processing, Statistical Office, Department of International Economic and Social Affairs, The United Nations, New York, 1989.

"Statistical Data Processing in Developing Countries: Problems and Prospects," Interregional Workshop on Statistical Data Processing, The United Nations, Geneva, June 1988. 


(with B. Carlson), "Survey Data Processing Infrastructure in Developing Countries: Selected Problems and Issues," Proceedings of the 100th Session of the International Statistical Institute,Amsterdam, August 1985.

MASH: A Computer System for Microanalytic Simulation for Policy Exploration, The Urban Institute, 1977, 300 pp.

"MASH: An On-Line System for Socioeconomic Microsimulation of the Household Sector," ONLINE 72 Conference Proceedings, Online Computer Systems, Ltd., 1972, pp. 17-47.

"Future Developments in Social Science Computing," Proceedings of the 1972 Spring Joint Computer Conference. AFIPS Press, 1972, pp. 875-883.

(with H. W. Guthrie, G. H. Orcutt, S. Caldwell, and G. E. Peabody), "Microanalytic Simulation of Household Behavior," Annals of Economic and Social Measurement, Vol. 1, No. 2, April 1972, pp. 141-170.

Discussion, "Computers in Social Science Data Processing and Analysis," Proceedings of the Social Statistics Section of the American Statistical Association, 1969, pp. 96-97. 

1965 - 1970

(with J. W. Bean, S. W. Kidd, and B. D. Sharp), "The BEAST: A User-Oriented Procedural Language for Social Science Research," Conference Paper, Council of Social Science Data Archives, Pittsburgh, May 1968.

(with M. S. Davis and L. C. Frampton), "Legislative Districting by Computer," Jurimetrics, Vol. 8, No. 4, June 1968, pp. 77-98.

“The National Data Center Controversy: Computer Professionals’ Evaluation Should Be Based on Knowledge,” Computers and Automation, August 1967, p. 22.

Numerous technical assistance mission reports, internal reports, reports to governments, articles, editorials, and technical and management documents.

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